Biometrics: the art of recognition. Prospects for biometric systems on the example of the Id-Me platform from RecFaces
In a general sense, biometrics is a system for recognizing people according to one or several physical (or behavioral) characteristics. In the field of information technology, biometric data is used as one of the forms of access identifier management and access control. Typically, the operation of biometric systems is reduced to two main types.
The first is called verification, it is a comparison of the test result with a biometric template. This option helps to check if this is the person for whom he claims to be. Verification can be carried out in various ways, including a smart card, username or its number. The second mode is identification. After receiving a specific sample, the system is checked with a database of biometric data to determine the identity. There is one important point here — for this mode of operation, the biometric sample must be in the database, and the comparison is carried out on a “one with many” basis. In general, biometric technologies have huge potential, which has not yet been fully realized. What is the state of biometric technology in Russia and the world today?
In some cases, their development cannot yet be considered satisfactory. So far, this area is actively developing, although some results are already there (more on this below). In some cases, biometrics is not considered a very reliable way of identification or verification. In the United States, for example, the Tampa City Police Department even uninstalled facial recognition software, considering it not too reliable. But there it was a question of introducing obsolete methods of biometrics, which do not always show their best.
However, modern biometrics technologies are becoming more accurate and reliable. Many companies and scientific organizations are engaged in research and development in this area. Moreover, the priority over time has shifted to non-contact methods of biometric recognition. Biometrics is used in many areas, including banking, security and access control systems, visa control systems, police identification systems for criminals, collecting statistics on visitors and much more. So far, about half of the biometric market is occupied by fingerprint recognition systems. But the situation is gradually changing, developers understand that fingerprinting is not the most reliable way to identify a person (in The Legend Destroyers they even even showed a way to open a fingerprint using fingerprints printed on the printer), so new biometric technologies are becoming increasingly popular.
So far, about half of the biometric market is occupied by fingerprint recognition systems. But the situation is gradually changing, developers understand that fingerprinting is not the most reliable way to identify a person
In General, we can say that biometrics has become an integral part of people's lives. In some countries, for example, you can't get a passport or visa without biometric data. Government organizations in various countries believe that biometrics is one of the most effective ways to identify refugees and those who cross the border illegally. Now there are a lot of projects which are based on biometric technology. Perhaps one of the most ambitious is the AADHAAR project being implemented in India. It is a biometric identification system that contains the data of more than a billion people. The database contains about 10 billion fingerprint templates, two billion iris templates, and a billion photos. Something similar was shown in the science fiction film «I am the beginning» (I origins). However, identification by the iris of the eye is a very real technology that is becoming more and more popular. An entry in AADHAAR can be obtained by all residents of India, this is an identification number that is linked to the biometric data of users. It is used in financial transactions, when working with various public and private services. Aadhaar is also linked to a cloud service for storing scanned documents. Of course, it is not just India that is introducing biometric identification. Other States are also doing this. And not only the state, but also private companies. According to the analytical Agency J'son & Partners Consulting, the global market for biometric systems will reach $40 billion by 2022. The analysts ' conclusions are based on the revenue indicators of key players depending on segments, including hardware, software, and integration. Another analytical Agency, Acuity Research, estimates that the number of biometric e-ID documents will grow to 749 million by 2018. In total, according to the Agency's specialists, there will be about 3.5 billion electronic documents in the world in 2018. Already, more than half of the UN member States issue biometric passports. Government and private contracts of Canada, the United States, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Lithuania, Hungary, Bangladesh, Senegal and other countries are examples of implementation of programs for the transition to biometric electronic documents.
What about Russia?
In Russia, biometric technologies are developing quite quickly, more actively than in many countries. For example, the largest banks in the Russian Federation started testing biometric customer identification systems this year. The Central Bank, the Ministry of communications and Rosfinmonitoring are creating their own database of biometric data.this system will reach the testing stage this year. According to the Deputy Chairman of the Central Bank Olga Skorobogatova, the pilot project will allow you to become a client of any Bank remotely. To do this, it will be enough to pass the biometric registration procedure once in any credit institution participating in the project. "Biometrics is related to a very exciting topic. This is identification, remote identification, creating a single database of individuals, I'm talking more about individuals, which would allow any Bank and any organization not to force customers to come with their feet to fill out a large list of documents, « RIA quotes Skorobogatova. From this experiment to the creation of a national biometric database will remain just one step. The banking sector is trying to introduce systems for identifying customers by voice, photo, and fingerprint. For example, VTB24 has already tested biometric identification in the framework of Internet banking. When logging in to the online banking app, customers were asked to provide their photo and voice sample. It is planned to use this data for identification. After confirming the user's identity, all operations are performed without additional confirmation. Sberbank also shows great interest in biometrics, which has already accredited RecFaces (Comlogic application) as one of its partners in this area. Similar technologies are used in Promsvyazbank and home Credit, Tinkoff Bank, and a number of other organizations. As for the unified biometric database, the Central Bank, the Ministry of communications and Rosfinmonitoring are simultaneously working on its creation. This project may take several years to complete. According to experts, a common database of biometric data will be useful for the financial and legal sectors, public services, public security, medicine and more.
Digital biometric profile from RecFaces
Speaking of biometrics in Russia, we can not say nothing about our development – an information platform for multi-modal identification, called Id-Me. Usually, companies that implement biometrics have to choose several suppliers and invest a lot of money in creating a Central computing infrastructure, its maintenance, various licenses and equipment. But it's not just about the investment and the complexity of the process. Each algorithm that is currently offered on the market has a number of its own features and advantages. At RecFaces, We are focused on creating a full-fledged integrated platform that uses the world's best achievements in the field of biometrics. Having the ability to study algorithms and compare them, we select those solutions that show maximum efficiency. For example, biometric identification technologies based on a mathematical model of a person are licensed from the Japanese company Toshiba. 3D identification is carried out using solutions, Artec ID, and Intel Corporation. There is no doubt that RecFaces will also choose the most modern and promising technical solutions for identification modules based on iris pattern, finger prints, and palm vein pattern that are being prepared for implementation in the Id-Me platform. Customers will be left to use the» magic " of Id-Me to solve their application tasks. For an external observer, Id-Me works quite simply. One of the main components of the system is the Id-Box (capture module). It is a small «smart» identification device based on a PC platform in a compact package. This element is responsible for facial recognition and, in the future, other types of biometric data. It connects to a surveillance camera and other sensors. The system receives an array of data from them, which is immediately converted into a specialized index, a mathematical model, which is sent to the cloud for comparison with the standard stored there. Due to working with indexes, the system does not require the «width» of the Internet channel. This is a universal system that works effectively with various types of images and can use information from a surveillance camera. If necessary, Id-Box can collect statistics on the number of users, including age, gender, and emotional state. If there is a failure – you do not need to worry, there is a large hard disk inside the box, where all the important data is stored. If the network is suddenly disconnected, all information will be saved and the system will continue working. The data collected by Id-box is sent to the cloud, where the system compares the current index with all previous versions. If there is a match, i.e. the system recognizes the registered person, the client receives an alert. The service is compatible with the main basic platforms, including the web interface, mobile clients for iOS, Android, and Windows. The entire system is securely protected by an encrypted connection. Additionally, running a Firewall, there is provided a cryptographic gateway with kryptoperidinium. It uses an electronic digital signature, antivirus SOFTWARE and intrusion detection tools certified by the FSTEC.
The field of application of Id-Me
The Id-Me biometric platform from RecFaces is designed to be as useful as possible for banks, airports, retail, hotels, sports organizations, and government agencies. Banks can use biometrics to improve security. Here you can give an example of a possible case of a fraudster trying to withdraw money from someone else's card. An ATM camera connected to Id-Me identifies the face of the person trying to do this. If this information does not match what is contained in the database, withdrawals are blocked almost instantly. To use this method of protection, you do not even need to equip the ATM with additional equipment. Similarly, a Bank can protect its credit Department. A fraudster who tries to make a financial transaction under a false name will not be able to do this if a camera connected to the Id-Me service is watching them. In addition, Bank employees can also log in, which is necessary when performing any critical tasks. This function can be useful in many areas. Id-Me, for example, allows you to automate staff time tracking. Since Id-Me can analyze the video stream from surveillance cameras and individual images, the system can be used to collect statistics about visits, traffic paths, and user behavior. Using proprietary recognition technologies from Toshiba and other partners, Id-Me allows you to use biometric identification to determine the buyer's gender, age, and personal preferences, linking all this to the CRM. This system is also great for recognizing an important customer by immediately getting information about them, the date of their last visit to the store or other site. All this will help you find a common language with a person, instantly determining their preferences. Examples of such integration of biometric identification with CRM, which have already been implemented together with RecFaces partners, have shown their high marketing effectiveness. We will write about this in detail later. It is extremely important for the hotel business to know its customers. If a person sees that they remember not only their first and last name, but also their preferences, then most likely, such a customer will return to the «attentive» hotel again and again. And for unwanted guests, you can create a «black list» with the appropriate data. The hotel's security cameras will record everything that happens, notifying the administration in the event that an unknown person entered the room or office. Hotel employees will know that the smart system always knows who went where and why, so there will be less abuse. Organizers of sporting events, concerts, and other social events can quickly receive information about undesirable elements (such as hooligan fans) trying to get to the event. Lost a child? The system will help you quickly determine how and when this happened, as well as determine where the child is, if it is visible. Did something go wrong? Security will be alerted immediately. It will be easier for law enforcement officers to maintain security in schools, public places, and transport infrastructure if they receive notifications about suspicious people and events occurring in the surveillance zone. Car theft, hooligans-all this can be prevented if you find out about the problem in time. In General, there are a huge number of ways to use biometric systems. They are, however pretentious it may sound, the future. Biometrics is already being used and will be used in a large number of areas. And Id-Me can already be used in most of them. You can learn more about the solutions that the company already offers and is preparing for release, as well as its comprehensive solutions, by visiting the 23rd International exhibition of security equipment and equipment for security and fire protection MIPS 2017. With this material, we are happy to open the official RecFaces blog on Habrahabra. Follow our activities in order to stay up to date with the latest developments in the field of biometric identification, get acquainted with examples of its implementation in a variety of business sectors and public life. In the near future, we will tell you about the possibilities of using biometric systems to improve the security of transport infrastructure facilities, as well as analyze the case with the results of real implementation of Id — Me.